European Commission: Fight against trafficking in human beings
Launched in December 2010, this site is a “one-stop shop” for information and resources related to human trafficking in the European Union, for civil society groups, academics and interested persons. Here is a
list of hotlines in 26 European countries.

International Human Rights Law Group
This non-profit group of human rights and legal professionals in more than 20 countries has an initiative to train non-governmental organizations and assist advocates in working with governments to recognize and prevent trafficking. The group has worked since 1998 with trained staff in Bosnia and Herzegovina and Cambodia, and continues to expand its reach across the world. 

Polaris Project
Polaris Project operates a national trafficking hotline (1-888-3737-888) and provides social services to victims of any form of human trafficking. Founded in 2002 and based in the United States and Japan, the project also advocates for stronger state and Federal anti-trafficking legislation. The organization is expanding its coverage in recent years to more than 85 countries to provide training, assistance and lessons learned.

IOM (International Organization for Migration)
IOM’s sex trafficking project seeks to rescue and rehabilitate women and children from Moldova who have been trafficked, giving them a chance to lead normal lives again. The project also offers a prevention program for young women and children who are at risk of being trafficked and practical solutions to improve their situations as alternatives to accepting work abroad. By the end of 2008, the organization has helped more than 2,400 victims of trafficking, including 166 children, and has provided assistance to more than 1,300 potential victims.

Family Violence Prevention Fund
The U.S.-based fund conducts public awareness campaigns and programs to teach about violence prevention. It also promotes community leadership and legislation changes, such as the 1994 Violence Against Women Act, to transform the way health care providers, police, employers and others address violence. Read more about its Global Prevention of Violence Against Women project.

United Nations Global Initative to Fight Human Trafficking (UN.GIFT)
Launched in March 2007, this initiative combines many U.N. departments to promote and enforce the Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children. Partner organizations include: International Labor Organization, Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR), the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF), the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC), the International Organization for Migration (IOM) and the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE).

U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID)
The U.S. development agency has been providing aid to the region of Ukraine, Moldova and Belarus since 1992. The current mission includes combating human trafficking and preventing the spread of HIV/AIDS.

U.S. Department of State
Since 2001, the State Department presents to Congress the annual “Trafficking in Persons Report,” as a part of the Victims of Trafficking and Violence Protection Act of 2000. The report is used as a diplomatic tool to engage with other countries to combat all forms of trafficking, from commercial sex to forced labor.


La Strada International
This network of organizations works to prevent the trafficking of women and help victims in Central and Eastern Europe. In addition, the organization raises public awareness about sex trafficking as a human rights issue, working with government officials and representatives. On September 15, 2010, the La Strada network celebrated its 15th anniversary. The group has eight member organizations, which operate in Belarus, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Macedonia, Moldova, the Netherlands, Poland and Ukraine. Services vary by country:

  • Belarus
    The Young Women’s Christian Association has operated the Belarus program since 2003. Toll-free from Belarus: 8-801-100-8-801. Calls from abroad: +375 17 295-31-67

  • Bulgaria
    The Bulgarian branch of La Strada was implemented by the Animus Association Foundation in 1998. The hotline number is +3592 981 76 86.

  • Czech Republic
    The Czech organization provides counseling services, crisis aid and shelter accommodations. The hours of the hotline vary but do provide assistance in Russian, Romanian and English. The hotline number is: +420-222-71-7171.

  • Macedonia
    The non-governmental organization Open Gate has operated the program in the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia since 2000, and has become the country’s leading anti-trafficking organization. The 24-hour hotline number is: 0800-111-11.

  • Moldova
    The Moldovan non-governmental organization was founded in 2001, and is also known as The International Centre for Women Rights Protection and Promotion. The toll-free hotline number for calls within Moldova is: 0 800 77777. Toll-free number for calls from abroad: 373 22 23-33-09

  • The Netherlands
    The Dutch Foundation Against Trafficking was founded in 1987 and was the official coordinator for La Strada project from 1995 to 2004. The foundation changed its name in 2007 to Coordination Center Human Trafficking (CoMensha) to reflect its work with male and female trafficking victims. The hotline number is: 033-4481186.

  • Poland
    One of the founding members of the La Strada network in 1995, the Polish organization is now an internationally renowned expert and advisory center on trafficking of women. The hotline number provides information in Russian one day per week. The hotline number is: +48 22 628 99 99.

  • Ukraine
    The Ukranian organization was one of the early branches of La Strada network, registered as a non-governmental organization in 1998. This organization has published numerous books and resource materials, as well as scientific papers. The toll-free hotline number is: (380-44) 224-04-46

Global Alliance Against Traffic in Women (GAATW)
This non-profit is a group of 105 non-governmental organizations from Africa, Asia, Europe, South and North America, and the secretariat based in Bangkok, Thailand. The group works to promote a holistic understanding of human trafficking and holds anti-trafficking stakeholders accountable.


The Countertraffickers: Rescuing the victims of the global sex trade
William Finnegan chronicled IOM’s work in Moldova in his detailed and well-reported article for The New Yorker (May 5, 2008).

A page on statistics and trends of sex trafficking and list of other reports on the issue compiled by the producers of FRONTLINE’S “Sex Slaves,” a hidden-camera series on sex trafficking that aired in 2006.

BBC News
This article describes Moldova’s position as Europe’s human trafficking hub, and tells the story of one woman’s journey from her mother’s home into prostitution and her return back home. Published 2003.

Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty
This article reviews the book, “The Whistleblower,” published in January 2011, in which the author alleges that U.S. and U.N. officials were involved in Bosnian sex trafficking in the late 1990s.

The Guardian
This article published in February 2011, tells the story of a Romanian woman who was kidnapped at age 17 and forced into prostitution in the United Kingdom.

Captive Daughters
Captive Daughters is the first anti-trafficking group established in California. See their list of resources, including books, articles, and documentary films on sex trafficking.

Democracy Now!
Reporter Amy Goodman interviews author Kevin Bales, who co-wrote the book, “The Slave Next Door: Human Trafficking and Slavery in America Today.” The book looks at young women and children who were smuggled into the U.S. from around the world, at least half of whom were forced into commercial sex.

Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (CBC)
This article 2009 looks at efforts of anti-trafficking organizations to raise awareness about the phenomenon of women forced into prostitution for large sporting events, in attempt to educate Canadians before the 2010 Olympic games.

The Natashas: Inside the New Global Sex Trade
Published in 2005, Canadian Journalist Victor Malarek looks at the wave of global sex trade after the fall of the Soviet Union. He recounts first-person stories of the victims of women and young girls, some as young as 12 years old, from around the former Soviet Bloc region.

The Johns: Sex for Sale and the Men Who Buy It
In his most recent book, published in 2009, Malarek writes a follow up to “The Natashas.” In it, he looks at the demand-side of the sex trade: the men who purchase women for sex.